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The following shorthand system is recommended by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Applicants for the Instrument Rating may use any shorthand system, in any language, which ensures accurate compliance with air traffic control (ATC) instructions. No shorthand system is required by regulation and no knowledge of shorthand is required for the FAA Knowledge Test; however, because of the vital need for reliable communication between the pilot and controller, clearance information should be unmistakably clear.


The following symbols and contractions represent words and phrases frequently used in clearances. Most of them are used regularly by ATC personnel. By practicing this shorthand, omitting the parenthetical words, you will be able to copy long clearances as fast as they are read. 



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